
We study the inflationary quantumtoclassical transition for the adiabatic curvature perturbation due to quantum decoherence, focusing on the role played by squeezedlimit mode couplings. We evolve the quantum state in the Schrodinger picture, for a generic cubic coupling to additional environment degrees of freedom. Focusing on the case of minimal gravitational interactions, we find the evolution of the reduced density matrix for a given longwavelength fluctuation by tracing out the other (mostly shorter wavelength) modes of as an environment. We show that inflation produces phase oscillations in the wave functional , which suppress offdiagonal components of the reduced density matrix, leaving a diagonal mixture of different classical configurations. Gravitational nonlinearities thus provide a minimal mechanism for generating classical stochastic perturbations from inflation. We identify the time when decoherence occurs, which is delayed after horizon crossing due to the weak coupling, and find that Hubblescale modes act as the decohering environment. We also comment on the observational relevance of decoherence and its relation to the squeezing of the quantum state.

Nonequilibrium fluctuationdissipation inequality and nonequilibrium uncertainty principle
C. H. Fleming, B. L. Hu, Albert RouraThe fluctuationdissipation relation is usually formulated for a system interacting with a heat bath at finite temperature, and often in the context of linear response theory, where only small deviations from the mean are considered. We show that for an open quantum system interacting with a nonequilibrium environment, where temperature is no longer a valid notion, a fluctuationdissipation inequality exists. Instead of being proportional, quantum fluctuations are bounded below by quantum dissipation, whereas classically the fluctuations vanish at zero temperature. The lower bound of this inequality is exactly satisfied by (zerotemperature) quantum noise and is in accord with the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, in both its microscopic origins and its influence upon systems. Moreover, it is shown that there is a couplingdependent nonequilibrium fluctuationdissipation relation that determines the nonequilibrium uncertainty relation of linear systems in the weakdamping limit. 
Nested Trampoline Resonators for Optomechanics
M. J. Weaver et alTwo major challenges in the development of optomechanical devices are achieving a low mechanical and optical loss rate and vibration isolation from the environment. We address both issues by fabricating trampoline resonators made from low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD) Si_{3}N_{4} with a distributed bragg reflector (DBR) mirror. We design a nested double resonator structure with 80 dB of mechanical isolation from the mounting surface at the inner resonator frequency, and we demonstrate up to 45 dB of isolation at lower frequencies in agreement with the design. We reliably fabricate devices with mechanical quality factors of around 400,000 at room temperature. In addition these devices were used to form optical cavities with finesse up to 181,000 ± 1,000. These promising parameters will enable experiments in the quantum regime with macroscopic mechanical resonators.That’s a real optical photograph! And they think that they will cool it to the ground state in the future.

Quantum Cognition: The possibility of processing with nuclear spins in the brain
Matthew P. A. FisherThe possibility that quantum processing with nuclear spins might be operative in the brain is proposed and then explored. Phosphorus is identified as the unique biological element with a nuclear spin that can serve as a qubit for such putative quantum processing  a neural qubit  while the phosphate ion is the only possible qubittransporter. We identify the "Posner molecule", Ca9(PO4)6, as the unique molecule that can protect the neural qubits on very long times and thereby serve as a (working) quantummemory. A central requirement for quantumprocessing is quantum entanglement. It is argued that the enzyme catalyzed chemical reaction which breaks a pyrophosphate ion into two phosphate ions can quantum entangle pairs of qubits. Posner molecules, formed by binding such phosphate pairs with extracellular calcium ions, will inherit the nuclear spin entanglement. A mechanism for transporting Posner molecules into presynaptic neurons during a "kiss and run" exocytosis, which releases neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft, is proposed. Quantum measurements can occur when a pair of Posner molecules chemically bind and subsequently melt, releasing a shower of intracellular calcium ions that can trigger further neurotransmitter release and enhance the probability of postsynaptic neuron firing. Multiple entangled Posner molecules, triggering nonlocal quantum correlations of neuron firing rates, would provide the key mechanism for neural quantum processing. Implications, both in vitro and in vivo, are briefly mentioned.
LaTeX in comments
Include [latexpage] to render LaTeX in comments. (More.)Recent Comments
 Links for AugustSeptember 2017 (2)
 Jess Riedel I look forward to the day when all the mysteries of quantum mechanics are disposed... – Sep 19, 4:01 PM
 Daniel Ranard I checked your blog because I was hoping for a new quantum mechanics post I'll... – Sep 18, 4:05 PM
 How to think about Quantum Mechanics—Part 1: Measurements are about bases (8)
 Jess Riedel Thanks Peter! Although their paper (Jan 2016) predates this post (Nov 2016), this post is... – Sep 07, 4:58 PM
 Peter Morgan This morning, we have this in a Springer notification email, https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s4050901600982, "Are observables necessarily Hermitian?"... – Sep 07, 7:04 AM
 How to think about Quantum Mechanics—Part 3: The pointer and Schmidt bases (5)
 Jess Riedel Yea, I am referring to a particle whose density matrix has become approximately, but not... – Sep 03, 7:56 PM
 Daniel Ranard Thanks Jess for lots of great posts  I think I must still be confused... – Sep 01, 6:04 PM
 How to think about Quantum Mechanics—Part 7: Quantum chaos and linear evolution (14)
 Josh Deutsch Hi Jess, I think anyone interested in reading about ETH is likely to understand that... – Sep 03, 6:50 PM
 Jess Riedel Hi Josh, On your prodding, I have now restored that section on the ETH Wikipedia... – Sep 03, 5:53 PM
 Josh Deutsch Hi Jess, Thanks for considering what I wrote so carefully. I get the impression that... – Sep 03, 2:27 PM
 Jess Riedel I'm happy to retract this sentence of mine: "But isn’t it true that quantum systems... – Sep 03, 1:49 PM
 Jess Riedel Hi Josh, Thanks for walking me through this. I have broken my response into two... – Sep 03, 1:49 PM
 Links for AugustSeptember 2017 (2)
Licence
foreXiv by C. Jess Riedel is licensed under a Creative Commons AttributionShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked with a *.